General Information about Uruguay

 

República Oriental del Uruguay

        

Uruguayan flag and coat of arms.

 

 

AREA:      176.215 km².

POPULATION:       3.286.314 inhabitants (INE-2011).

POPULATION DENSITY:       18,8 inhabitants by km².

CAPITAL:          Montevideo (population: 1.344.839).

 

 

GEOGRAPHY:

Uruguay is one of the smallest countries in South America. On the north, it has borders with Brazil, in the South-West with the Atlantic Ocean, and it is separated from Argentina on its south and western borders by the river Uruguay, which in its end it widens into the River Plate estuary.

 

ubicacion-uruguay

(Image from Wikipedia.org)

 

Most of its landscape is formed by meadows and hills crossed by rivers and creeks.

There is a large coast of beaches with dunes along it. Most of the land its dedicated to cattle grazing.

Montevideo, the southest point of the country, incluides more than half of the total population. It’s the second southern capital in the world after Wellington. Although approximately 90% of the land of Montevideo is fit for agriculture, only its 12% is harvested.

Uruguay is known as the Oriental Republic for being next to the western coast of the Uruguay river.

 

POLITICAL SYSTEM:  Democratic Presidentialist Republic. Achieved its independence from Spain in 1825. The Chief of State and Government is Tabaré Vázquez (from March, 2015).

 

LANGUAGE:  The oficial language is Spanish.

 

RELIGION:  There’s no oficial religión, the State is estado es laic. The predominant religion is the Catholic Roman.

 

TIMEZONE: GMT -3

 

 

CLIMATE:

Anual medium temperature its arond 17°C, from 20 °C on the north, to 16°C in the atlantic coast. The highest medium temperatures are between december and february, and the lowest ones in june, july and august.

To get more official information about climate you can visit the government page: www.meteorologia.com.uy

ELECTRICITY:

220 volts CA, 50Hz.

Plugs are from 2 or 3 pegs in line like in the picture below:

electricidad
COMMUNICATIONS:

 

Telephone:                 

International conection. Country code: +598

Internationales outcoming call prefix:  00

Mobile communications:  There are three companies: Ancel (www.ancel.com.uy), Movistar (www.movistar.com.uy) and Claro (www.claro.com.uy).

 

Fax:   Widely available.

 

Telegrams: They can be sent to anywhere in the world.

 

Internet: There’s a land optic fibre network and a national 3G/LTE network.

 

Mail: Mail offices are open from 8.00 AM to 18.00. An express envelope to Europe takes 3 to 5 days.

 

Press: All the newspapers are edited in Spanish. Main ones are: El Observador, La República and El País.

 

How to get to Uruguay:

 

You can go to Uruguay by plane. sea or land. Main access ways are:

Carrasco International Airport: Being the main airport of Uruguay, it has been made new recently, becoming the most modern if South America.

Punta del Este International Airport: “Laguna del Sauce” airport its between Punta del Este and Piriápolis. Planes from different regional cities arrive there, as well as many private planes.

Port of Colonia: It’s the main access way to the country. Its proximity with Buenos Aires, with just 50 minutes in a ferry makes it a strategic point in the region.

 

 

VISAS:

See the list of countries requiring visas: DIRECCION NACIONAL DE MIGRACION

 

 

TOURIST INFORMATION OFFICES:

 

Colonia

  • Port. Tel: (598) 452 24 897

 

Maldonado: 

  • Piriápolis. Tel: (598) 443 25 055
  • Punta del Este. Tel: (598) 42 441 218

 

Montevideo:

  • Airport. Tel: (598) 26040 386
  • Bus Terminal Tres Cruces. Tel: (598) 24097 399
  • Montevideo Port. Tel: (598) 1885 111

 

Paysandú:         Tel: (598) 472 27 574

Rivera:                Tel: (598) 462 25 899

Rocha:                 Tel: (598) 447 44 599

Salto:                    Tel: (598) 473 28 933