Population: 24.800 hab.
Area: 5.132 km2
Population density: 4,8 inhab/km2
Just two hours from Montevideo, this department is home to one of the two existing geoparks in the whole of South America. Flores is synonymous with adventure, nature and tranquility.
Located in the center of the country, Flores offers a diverse range of natural areas favorable for adventure tourism, recreation, rest and tranquility. Its natural grasslands, large lakes situated to the north of the department and the spectacular Dr. Rodolfo Talice Wildlife Reserve allow you to have the experience of an intimate and profound contact with nature.
The rural establishments and ranches retain their rich and cherished traditions, offering welcoming accommodation and excellent local cuisine. Visitors can participate in the activities which are most representative in terms of agriculture and national folklore, in addition to boating, horseback riding and mountain biking, among other pleasant options.
Local businesses, together with the municipality, have made a strong effort to provide better alternatives in terms of price and quality to ensure that there are no excuses for not enjoying these experiences. Despite being the youngest department in Uruguay, as well as one of the smallest, the lands in Flores are rich with old legends and great archaeological and geological treasures which are yet to be discovered.
In December 2013 Flores became just the second place in South America where there is a geopark, after the one located in Chapada do Araripe in Brazil. Come and discover this magical bridge between nature, community and science. Please bear in mind that in order to see the different geosites in their entirety you will need more than one day and, in many cases, prior coordination.
Source: Municipality of Flores
The protected landscape area Rupestre de Chamangá is located to the east of the city of Trinidad, in the department of Flores. It has an area of over 12,000 hectares, located in the basin of the Río Negro (Black River) and the micro basin of the smaller Chamangá River, whose headwaters are in the Cuchilla Grande inlands. The area is characterized by a gently undulating terrain and grassland ecosystems with highly fertile soils dedicated to extensive livestock farming, with hills associated with the Chamangá and Los Molles rivers.
It has significant natural and cultural values. In the area there are abundant rocky outcrops accompanied by bush shrub flora at the base, forming a thicket in which species such as tala, temberatí and coronilla appear.
In the prairie ecosystem there are approximately 8 species of bird including the Vermilion Flycatcher and the White Heron. Other examples of wildlife are also on display, such as mules, foxes, skunks, lizards, ostriches and capybaras.
Rock paintings and archaeological remains
The protected landscape area Rupestre de Chamangá includes the highest concentration of rock pictographs in our country— 41 recorded, whose uniqueness is given by its location in open fields and on granite outcrops, and prehistoric archaeological remains which have been the subject of academic studies and scientific research.
The styles of the pictographs are strokes and abstract geometric shapes with repeated cruciform elements. There is also a fine line engraving with a grid-like design, occuring before the paintings were made. The conservation of the pictographs over the years has involved a process that combines the application technique –fixing some organic material in the original work – with a natural phenomenon called microscopic accretion of silicate, which forms a transparent film that protects it.
Source: Ministry of Tourism